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Optimize Your Learning: Discover 4 Effective Study Techniques

Finding the most efficient way to study can be quite a challenge. With each passing year, this task can become even more daunting and generate insecurity, especially when facing exams that require demonstrating everything learned. For this reason, it is crucial to identify a study strategy that is both suitable and personal during this academic stage.

Here are some study techniques to help you find the one that best suits your style.

1. Blurting Method: Unleash Your Creativity

The "blurting" method involves writing down everything you remember about a topic instead of simply reading it until you learn it. After writing, you compare your version with the original text, correct errors, and repeat the process. This technique emphasizes active participation and writing to enhance retention and understanding of content.

How to Apply:

  1. Write Without Filters: Jot down everything you remember about the topic, without worrying about structure or accuracy in the first phase.

  2. Comparison and Correction: Contrast your written version with the original material, identify errors, and areas for improvement.

  3. Repetitions: Repeat the process, rewriting what you remember, correcting and refining your knowledge with each iteration.

2. SQ3R Method: Explore and Deepen

SQ3R stands for "Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review." This structured method guides you through a series of steps to improve your understanding and retention of information.

How to Apply:

  1. Survey: Quickly review the material to get an overview.

  2. Question: Formulate questions about the content to guide your focus.

  3. Read: Examine the material in detail, seeking answers to your questions.

  4. Recite: Explain aloud what you have learned to reinforce retention.

  5. Review: Regularly go over the material to consolidate knowledge.

3. Feynman Technique: Teach to Learn Better

Richard Feynman, a renowned physicist, developed this technique based on the idea that teaching a concept is the best way to understand it. The Feynman Technique involves explaining a topic as if you were teaching it to someone else, identifying gaps in your understanding, and strengthening your knowledge.

How to Apply:

  1. Choose a concept you are studying.

  2. Explain it in simple terms as if you were teaching it to a child.

  3. Identify areas where your explanation is vague or incomplete.

  4. Refine and simplify your explanation until you can convey the concept clearly and completely.

4. Leitner System: Organize and Repeat Strategically

The Leitner System is a spaced repetition approach designed to improve long-term retention. It uses flashcards and organizes information based on how much effort you need to remember it.

How to Apply:

  1. Divide information into flashcards.

  2. Establish various review levels, from short-term to long-term.

  3. Regularly review cards and move those you know well to less frequent review levels.

  4. Dedicate more time to cards that are more challenging.

Extra Tip:

Taking breaks while studying is also a good idea. Sometimes, students try to study without stopping, but that's not the best approach. Our brain functions better when it has breaks. Giving it a rest helps remember what you learned and retain important information when you return to study.

There is no one-size-fits-all study method, but you will surely find one that works well for you.

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